Nainital

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Mythology

The Emerald Green Eye of Kumaon as Nainital is also popularly known as got its name from a legendary mythological story. King Daksha held a great ‘Yajna’ but did not invite his daughter Parvati & her consort Shiva. Parvati could not bear this insult and in great fury gate crashed into the Yajna and leaped into the high flames of the fire to end her life. It is believed that when Lord Shiva retrieved her half-charred corpse, the eyes of Sati dropped in the lake while her body was being carried to Kailash Parvat. Hence, the lake was given the name of ‘Nainital’ or Naini Lake.

The name “Naini” is derived from a temple to the goddess ‘Naini Devi” built on the upper edge of the lake which was destroyed in the landslip of 1880. It was subsequently replaced by a modern structure. The word “Naini” means ‘Eyes’ and ‘Tal’ means ‘Lake’.

Recent History

Nainital was founded in the year 1841 by Mr. P Barron, a European merchant and an enthusiastic hunter. Mr. Barron was the first European who took great fancy to this land and moved by the beauty of the sparkling lake he wrote: “It is by far the best site I have witnessed in the course of a 1,500 mile trek in the Himalayas.”

Lake District

Nainital is known as a lake district because of a string of closely located lakes, Bhimtal, Sat Tal, Naukuchiya Tal and of course the Naini Lake are all in close proximity.

Best Season to Visit :

Through out the Year.

Accessiblity:

Rail:
Nearest railhead is Kathgodam, 35 kms

Air:
Nearest airport is Pantnagar, 71 Kms.

How To Reach –

Delhi – Ghaziabad – Hapur bypass – Garmukteshwar – Moradabad – Rampur – Rudrapur – Haldwani – Kathgodam – Nainital

Distance Chart:

Delhi            :    310 Kms.
Corbett       :    75 Kms.
Lucknow    :    390 Kms.
Kausani      :    123 Kms.
Almora       :    66 Kms

Places of Tourist Interest:

• China Peak
• Khurpa Tal
• Snow view point
• Tiffin Top
• Lands End
• Naina Devi Temple
• Caves Garden & Musical Garden
• Raj Bhawan & St. John’s Church
• Kilbury
• HanumanGarh

Excursions:

• Bhowali
• Ramgarh
• Mukteshwar
• Sattal
• Bhimtal
• Naukuchiatal